War Collectivism: Power, Business, and the Intellectual Class in World War I
More than any other single period, World War I was the critical watershed for the American business system. It was a "war collectivism," a totally planned economy run largely by big-business interest through the instrumentality of the central government, which served as the model, the precedent, and the inspiration for state corporate capitalism for the remainder of the century.
War Collectivism in World War I
This is reprinted from A New History of Leviathan, Ronald Radosh and
Murray N. Rothbard, eds. (New York: E.P. Dutton & Co., 1972), pp. 66–
World War I as Fulfillment: Power and the Intellectuals
1 An earlier version of this paper was delivered at a Pacific Institute Conference
on “Crisis and Leviathan,” at Menlo Park, Calif., October 1986. It appeared
in print in the Journal of Libertarian Studies 9, no. 1 (Winter, 1989). It was
reprinted in John V. Denson, ed., The Costs of War: America’s Pyrrhic Victories
(New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 1997). The title of this paper
is borrowed from the pioneering last chapter of James Weinstein’s excellent
work, The Corporate Ideal in the Liberal State, 1900–1918 (Boston: Beacon
Press, 1968). The last chapter is entitled, “War as Fulfillment.”
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